The former Test batsman Martin Crowe created a condensed version of cricket known as Cricket Max in New Zealand in the 1990s, but the England and Wales Cricket Board set the official rules for T20, and the English county teams played in the first competition in 2003.
Twenty20 cricket, usually known as T20, is a condensed version of cricket that, when it was introduced in 2003 with new rules that placed greater emphasis on hitting and scoring, transformed the game and attracted a new audience.
The ECB needed a replacement for a one-day event when the Benson & Hedges Cup was discontinued in 2002.
Have A Look At: What Can We Expect From The T20 World Cup?
Many nations continued to look into the potential of a shorter game in the 1990s.
Martin Crowe in New Zealand created Cricket Max, in which each team bats for 10 eight-ball overs, while the Australians considered an eight-a-side competition they called “Super 8s.”
The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) also performed market research at the same time and suggested a 20-overs-per-side match that would last roughly three hours.
In reaction to declining attendance and declining funding, cricket officials sought to increase the game’s appeal to the younger generation.
The game had fundamental rules same as it had for the longer versions, but innings were limited to 20 overs per side with a maximum of four overs for each bowler, along with restrictions on the placement of fielders designed to encourage big hitting by the batsmen and high scores.
T20 cricket quickly rose to prominence as the most lucrative and well-liked format, especially in India, where the Indian Premier League (IPL) draws sizable crowds in person and millions more via television.
The first Twenty20 International was played on February 17, 2005, when Australia defeated New Zealand, and the inaugural tournament was held two years later with the establishment of the ICC T20 World Cup.
The shorter format was initially introduced to increase attendance for the domestic game.
For the first time in a calendar year, there were 100 more Twenty20 International games played than One-Day International games in 2016.
Read More: How Many Types Of World Cup In Cricket