The highest caliber international or domestic cricket matches are known as first-class cricket.
A first-class match is one that lasts three days or more and features two teams of eleven players each. It is deemed deserving of the designation due to the caliber of the opposing teams.
Although in reality, a team may only play one inning or none at all, games must allow for two innings to be played by each team.
First-class cricket is one of the highest standards of the game, along with historical single-wicket and contemporary limited-overs formats.
The term “first-class cricket” has no clear origin, but it was widely used before it was given official recognition in 1895 as a result of a gathering of elite English clubs.
It was formally established on a global scale during a meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference (ICC) in 1947.
Any attempt to define first-class cricket retroactively was notably left out of the ICC judgment.
Because of this, it has become difficult for historians, particularly statisticians, to classify previous games, particularly those played in Great Britain before 1895.
The Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians (ACS) proposes classifying all high-caliber pre-1895 matches as noteworthy matches.
Although the term “first-class” is typically used to refer to domestic competition, test cricket, the highest quality of cricket, is statistically a type of first-class cricket.
Any performances in Test matches are included in a player’s first-class statistics.
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