Electric bikes are becoming more common in recent years as bike enthusiasts are going green. Although electric bikes are still more expensive, the price difference between a traditional motorized bike and an electric bike is rapidly shrinking as technology and components improve with innovations. With that being said, those who are still confused on whether they should buy an electric bike or not can refer to this article. This writing will provide you with guidelines that will help you know how far you can go on an electric bicycle.
How to estimate the autonomy of an electric bicycle
To determine the approximate range of an electric bike, you must first start with the battery capacity. It is usually measured in watt hours (Wh). Sometimes you’ll see a battery rated in volts and amps per hour, like an electric bike with a 48V 10Ah battery. To convert to Wh, simply multiply the volts by the amp hours. A ebike battery 48v and 10Ah battery is therefore a 480Wh battery.
You can then calculate effective range by simply dividing the battery’s watt-hour capacity by an average efficiency number in Wh/mi (or Wh/km if you prefer kilometers).
This is the slightly confusing part of the math, as the efficiency numbers will vary based on the factors listed at the beginning of this article. But generally speaking, I find that most electric bikes with 500-750W acceleration riding at an average speed of 20mph (32km/h) on slightly rough terrain give me about 25Wh/mi ( or 15.6Wh/km). Therefore, an electric bike of this style with a 480 Wh battery would give me around 30 km of autonomy (480 Wh ÷ 25 Wh/mi = 19.2 km).
Pedal assistance will always be more efficient. I find that most pedal-assist e-bikes that are ridden between 15-18 mph on medium pedal-assist levels will give me around 15 Wh/mi (or 9.4 Wh/km). So the same 480 Wh battery in a pedal-assist electric bike will give me around 32 miles of range (480 Wh ÷ 15 Wh/mi = 32 miles).
How far can an electric bike go?
We hear this question a lot! Honestly, it is one of the most important factors in deciding which electric bike to buy. Finding the exact mileage on an electric bike is tricky and difficult to put into a single number. Comparing different bike models can be difficult, but you can definitely expect to ride further and farther with a higher voltage and amp-hour battery.
It is important to note that the riding range for all-electric bikes depends on many factors including total payload, rider + equipment, average speed, wind slope, bumps in the road, riding position, outside temperature, etc. how much you pedal and type of tire. , and even tire choice can affect the effective range of an electric bike on a single charge.
Typically, an electric bike can travel 15 to 22 miles (24 to 35 km) without pedaling on a single battery charge. However, the more you pedal, the further you can go. Therefore, you will have to pedal a bit if you want your battery to last on a longer trip.
Still, some electric bikes have a feature called throttle mode that allows you to maximize battery life and ride without pedaling.
Of course, with all of these factors above constant, the better the battery, the greater the range of hours the electric bike will ride on a single charge.
All Magicycle electric bikes come with an industry-leading ebike battery 52v, while most other electric bikes in the $1,000 to $3,000 price range only come with ebike battery 48v (and in some cases, only 36V batteries).
Difference between 48V and 52V batteries
First of all, the most common and popular voltage for high-end electric bikes and electric bike kits is ebike battery 48v or ebike battery 52v. This is different than most low-cost electric bikes and electric bike kits that run on 36V. . This may also differ by sales region, as in the United States 48V and 52V is the standard, while in Europe 36V is the standard. Lower voltage batteries are cheaper, but the main difference between lower and higher voltage batteries is that the higher the voltage, the better the power and performance.
Why would you choose a 52V battery instead of a 48V battery?
More Range – 52V batteries, compared to 48V batteries with the same Ah rating, will have more range as they have a higher battery capacity (watt-hour rating).
More Power: 52V batteries can provide more power to an engine when the engine needs it. 52V batteries also provide a better voltage range for the motor to run compared to a 48V battery.
More Efficient – 52V batteries can allow your motor to run at a lower current draw (amps) when operating under the same conditions compared to a 48V battery. This can help reduce the amount of heat that builds up in the engine and reduce overheating and premature failure.
More Versatile – 52V batteries perform better than a 48V batteries when used in cold weather
The 52V is more effective, which means better performance.
The reason is that a 52V electric bike battery provides higher efficiency using fewer amps generating the same or better power for your bike.
A 52V electric bike battery provides a faster speed to the motor than a 48V one.
One of the most important differences is related to autonomy, a 52 V electric bicycle battery offers greater autonomy than a 48 V one.
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